RAFT Restorative Actions for Transformation

Restorative Justice

What is Restorative Justice?

Traditional Justice asks three questions when an offense is committed:

  1. Who committed the crime?
  2. What laws were broken?
  3. What should be done to punish or treat the offender

Restorative Justice (RJ) approaches this differently. It recognizes that crime causes harm to people, communities and relationships. Because of this, offenders should have the chance to take steps towards repairing that harm and those most affected by crime should be able to participate in its resolution.

In other words, RJ practices provide voluntary opportunities for those who have been harmed and those who have caused harm to be active participants in their journey for justice, accountability, and reparation.

What are the Benefits of RJ Processes?

For Victims: 

  • A chance to tell their story
  • Be certain the offender understands the impact
  • Find answers to questions
  • Hold the offender accountable
  • If possible, identify what can be done to repair the harm.

For Offenders:

  • A chance to tell their story
  • Accept responsibility for and acknowledge the harm caused
  • Hear how their behaviour affected others
  • Show that their actions do not make up all of who they are
  • Participate in determining how to repair the harm.

For Communities:

  • Can be empowered to gain a better understanding of the root causes of crime
  • Engage in a process to express and reduce their fears
  • Contribute to an understanding of the wider impacts of crime.

More about Restorative Justice:




  • Restorative Justice: A Vision for Healing and Change – Susan Sharpe
  • The Little Book of Restorative Justice – Howard Zehr


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Collaborating Organizations

Calgary Youth Probation/City of Calgary Mennonite Central Committe (MCC) Carya